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The mountain range Sunduki

 “Sunduki” is a mountain range located in the Republic of Khakassia (Russia) at the boundary of Ordjonikidzevskiy District and Shirinskiy District. It is an amazing memorial of Khakass nature including five magnificent mountains. On 18th 2011 an open-air museum “Sunduki” was founded there.

The mountain range has received its name due to the first more clearly visible mountain which resembles a chest (“sunduk” in Russian). These mountains are among sights of Khakassia which attract tourists from different parts of the world. Visiting this ancient place is a necessary part of any excursions taking in Khakassia which belongs to the south part of Siberia (Russia). Tourists can find there a lot of different rock engravings of ancient people, burial mounds and also remains of old fortresses located on this mountain territory. Sunduki is also an observatory for old people; it is a place where ancient civilizations observed stars, sun and moon.

The mountain range Sunduki (Khakassia, Russia)

The mountain range Sunduki (Khakassia, Russia)

Remains of old fortresses (Khakassia, Russia)

Remains of old fortresses (Khakassia, Russia)

The first chest (first sunduk) is the most beautiful and interesting not only for archeologists but also for astrologists. There was found a stone with images of constellations of stars which were placed on it. That is curious that these constellations could be seen only in telescope but people of those times didn’t have any.

The first chest (sunduk)

The first chest (sunduk)

The second chest (second sunduk) is a paradise for photographers who post their photos in social networking and instagram. Here tourists can find small stone pyramids which are made by people visiting this site. Old Khakass people made the same stone pyramids; they were the dwellings for mountain ghosts. These pyramids were placed on the most worshiped territory and “Sunduki” belong to one.

Pyramids (dwellings) for mountain ghosts

Pyramids (dwellings) for mountain ghosts

Burial mounds are located on the territory of the third chest (third sunduk).

The forth chest (fourth sunduk) is rich by its collection of old rock engravings and petroglyphs dated back 1000 BC and older.

Rock engravings on the stone (Khakassia, Russia)

Rock engravings on the stone (Khakassia, Russia)

The fifth chest (fifth sunduk) is situated further south than others. There are also a lot of burial mounds on its territory. But the most important feature of the fifth chest is the irrigating channel preserved from the old times.

The irrigating channel

The irrigating channel

Sunduki is worth visiting if you are on the journey around Khakassia. Here you can tie ribbons to the sacrificial tree as worship to ancient ghosts and make a wish.

A worshiped item for feeding mountain ghosts and making a wish

A worshiped item for feeding mountain ghosts and making a wish

Standing on the top of the mountain range Sunduki travelers can observe an amazing view of endless Khakass steppes.

The view of an endless Khakass steppe, Russia

The view of an endless Khakass steppe, Russia


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